What is Diabetes?
Diabetes refers to a collection of diseases in which the body either cannot create enough or any insulin, cannot utilise the insulin that is produced properly, or cannot do either of these things simultaneously.
The body is unable to transport sugar from the blood into your cells when any of these things take place. Blood sugar levels may rise as a result of this.
One of your main energy sources is glucose, a type of sugar found in your blood. Sugar builds up in your blood as a result of insulin deficiency or insulin resistance. Health issues may result from this.
There are three primary types of diabetes:
- Type 1 Diabetes
- Type 2 Diabetes
- Gestational Diabetes
Why does diabetes occur?
Type 1 Diabetes
It is thought that type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder. This implies that your immune system accidentally targets and kills the beta cells in your pancreas that are responsible for producing insulin. The harm is irreparable.
The cause of the attacks remains unclear. Both hereditary and environmental factors may play a role. It is thought that lifestyle factors are not significant.
Type 2 Diabetes
The first stage of type 2 diabetes is insulin resistance. This means that because your body does not utilise insulin effectively, your pancreas produces more insulin until it is unable to meet the demand. The subsequent decrease in insulin synthesis results in elevated blood sugar.
The pregnancy-related production of insulin-blocking substances results in gestational diabetes.
Pregnancy is the only time this form of diabetes occurs. People with preexisting prediabetes and a family history of diabetes are more likely to experience it.
Approximately half of women with gestational diabetes go on to develop type 2 diabetes.
Symptoms of Diabetes?
General Symptoms of Diabetes are
extreme hunger and thirst
a frequent need to urinate fatigue or sleepiness
and dry, itchy skin
The skin folds in your armpits and neck may develop discolored patches as a result of type 2 diabetes. You might experience additional symptoms, such as pain or numbness in your feet, around the time of diagnosis because type 2 diabetes typically takes longer to diagnose.
Weight loss and a condition known as diabetic ketoacidosis are two signs of type 1 diabetes, which frequently progresses more swiftly. When your blood sugar is extremely high but your body has little to no insulin, diabetic ketoacidosis can happen.
Both types of diabetes can cause symptoms at any age, although type 1 typically affects kids and young people.
Typically, adults over the age of 45 get type 2.
If you are a person who is experiencing any of the following symptoms, it is recommended that you immediately go consult with a specialised doctor. At Astra Specialty Hospital, we have experienced doctors who are specialised in treating diabetes. Click the button below to book a free consultation now.