What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a disease that lasts throughout your lifetime. It keeps your body from using insulin in the usual way. In India, more than 25 million people are said to have Type 2 diabetes. in which almost 7 million people don’t know that they have type 2 diabetes.
People in middle and older age groups are most likely to be affected by type 2 diabetes. In a few cases, it affects young obese kids too.
Causes of Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a common type of diabetes in today’s world. It is caused when your pancreas stops doing its work properly. The pancreas in your body makes a hormone called insulin, which helps your cells turn the food you eat into energy. People who have type 2 diabetes produce insulin, but the cells don’t do the work they used to do.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes?
- Blurry vision
- Weight loss
- Increased hunger & thirst
- Frequent Urination
- Yeast infections
What are the risk factors in type 2 Diabetes?
There are certain factors that make it more likely for you to get type 2 diabetes.
People with these factors have high chances of getting it.
Age :- 40 or older
Family :- Family members with Diabetes.
Factors related to your health and medical history are
- Low HDL Cholesterol
- High blood pressure, even if it’s treated and under control.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Disease related to heart and blood vessels.
Lifestyle and daily routines can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes. Some of them are
- No exercise
- Improper sleep
What are the diagnoses for type 2 diabetes?
Doctors will take a blood test of you to check your blood glucose level. Or the doctor will look for the symptoms to diagnose you for type 2 Diabetes.
A1C :- It is a common test taken to find the average of your blood glucose for the last few months.
Fasting plasma glucose :- It is a test which is done on an empty stomach to measure your blood sugar.
What are the treatments for type 2 diabetes?
There are some common treatments for Type 2 diabetes. But medication alone can’t be the cure for type 2 diabetes; it needs a healthy lifestyle change.
With proper diet and exercise you can reduce the blood sugar levels and bring it to an optimal level.
Exercise :- Regular physical activity that keeps your heart rate up is a good thing to help you control your blood sugar level.
Healthy Eating :- Find a dietician or ask your doctor for a proper diet and stick to that meal plan.
- Reduce your calories
- Add vegetables and fruits to your diet
- Get more fiber.
What are the medications for Type 2 diabetes?
If diet and lifestyle changes don’t get you to your optimal blood sugar levels, you need to consult with your doctor and take proper medication.
It is always good to book a consultation with a specialist for medication.
If you are looking for a specialist, you can contact our specialist at Astra Speciality Hospital.
What are the complications of Type 2 Diabetes?
High blood sugar is always an issue that will prevail. Over time, it can cause some serious problems for your heart or blood vessels. You are always at high risk of getting a heart attack or chest pain, blocked blood vessels, or a stroke.
Kidney :- It can damage your kidney, which will lead to kidney failure. Dialysis or kidney replacement will be needed if you are pushed to that level.
Eye Problem :- High blood sugar can damage the blood vessels in the back of your eyes, which should be treated properly or else it will lead to blindness.
If you find this article useful leave your comments below. If you are a one who has any of these symptoms or you are diagnosed with type 2 Diabetes take proper medication and care. Reach out to our specialists now.